چندباری قصد کردم این جا در یانوندیزاین در مورد پاویلیونها چند خط بنویسم که تا حالا فرصت نشده بود. اما این بار چند خطی می نویسم.
ببینین. در مورد وجوه سیاسی و فرهنگی و تاریخی نمایشگاه ها به خصوص نمایشگاههای بینالمللی معروف به اکسپو نمی خوام حرف بزنم. نکته مورد نظر من نسبت این نمایشگاهها با هنر و هنرمنده.
با ظهور شیوهها و روشهای ساخت نوین در عصر جدید و پیشرفت صنعت، آرام آرام سرعت پیشروی تخیل هنرمندانه و معمارانه به طور شگفتی از امکانات واقعی زندگی جلو افتاد. عرصهی واقعی و نقد زندگی جای بروز این تخیلات نبود. چه این که اروپا و اروپایی درگیر مشکلات فراوونی بود که اجازه نمی داد به راحتی این تخیلات در بسترهای واقعی زندگی شهری بروز کنه. لاجرم عرصه ای غیرواقعی تر و با امکانات بیشتر نیاز بود...
اکسپوها ، نمایشگاه ها و غرفه ها این عرصه بودند. پاویلیونها اولا توسط سرمایه هایی به مراتب بیشتر از سرمایههای آدمهای حقیقی ساخته میشدند. برد تبلیغاتی وسیع داشتند و امکان این رو داشتند که ایده های نو رو در عرصه های بزرگتری مطرح کنند. سازه ها و بناهایی لزوما ثابت نبودند و فرصت خطا کردن در اون ها مهیا بود. و از همه مهمتر اونها مابهازای نیازی اصیل نبودند تا لاجرم دست معمار و هنرمند رو ببندن و نگذارن هرچه دلش می خواهد انجام بده.... خلاصه عرصه بروزات نفسانی هنرمندانه در این طور طراحی ها به مراتب فراهم بود. این طور شد که کم کم می بینیم غرفه های قرن اخیر گاهی عرصه بروز مهمترین ایده های عصر بودند ...
حتی همین امروز هم خیلی از ایده های نوآورانه و طرحهای آوانگارد اولین بار در یک غرفه در دل نمایشگاهی منطقه ای یا بین المللی به ظهور می رسن.
Transitory shelters and venues for exhibitions, performances, festivals and other entertainment purposes are often an afterthought, little more than white fabric stretched across a metal frame. But these 13 stunning examples of temporary architecture – including a straw bale theater, a nomadic museum and an inflatable roof held aloft by BBQ smoke – are imaginative, beautiful and often sustainable to boot.
MINI Metallic Opera Pavilion
(images via: my modern met)This sharply geometric temporary pavilion was designed by Coop Himmelb(l)au for the Munich Opera Festival 2010. Able to seat 300, the pavilion's design was primarily based on acoustics. "Another design strategy is also to reduce the influence of external sources of sound. The Pavilion which is 21 meters long, 17 meters wide and between 6 and 8 meters high will be positioned in such a way on the Marstallplatz that it will act more as a sound reflector than as a barrier to the sound of the cars passing by."
Serpentine Gallery Pavilion by Alvaro Siza Vieira
(images via: alvaro siza vieira)The Serpentine Gallery in London gets a new, innovative central pavilion each year, and the 2005 design was definitely a standout. Illuminated by polycarbonate panels, the solar-powered timber and metal structure created a temporary event space with a highly geometric shell-like form.
Burnham Pavilion by UNStudio
(images via: dezeen)The first of two temporary pavilions for Chicago's Millennium Park, UNStudio's Burnham Pavilion resembles a sleek polycarbonate dance platform, illuminated in brightly colored lights after dark. The pavilion is supported by two swooping central structures, giving the illusion of a floating platform.
Temporary Shipping Container Music Venue
(images via: leonardo finotti)Beautiful and colorful, the temporary music festival venue designed by Barnarndes Jacobsen for 2011′s Tim Festival in Rio de Janeiro was made super-sustainable with the use of stacked shipping containers. The architect wanted a space that is low-impact environmentally but high-impact visually, and achieved this by staggering the containers slightly and filling many of the gaps with projection screens.
Black No. 99 Theater Made of Straw Bales
(images via: dezeen)Painted in ultra-dramatic black, the NO99 theater in Talinn, Estonia is barely recognizable for what it is: stacked straw bales. Salto Architects created a temporary venue that could stand for six months and then be easily and sustainably disassembled. The straw bales were reinforced with steel trusses and left unfinished.
Temporary Museum (Lake) by Anne Holtrop
(images via: dezeen)
An exhibition of landscape paintings received the perfect backdrop in Anne Holtrop's curved timber maze. Set on an Amsterdam nature reserve, Temporary Museum (Lake) was made of untreated poplar and lasted just six weeks. Says the architect, "Not likeness or beauty is its key aspect, as in traditionalism; nor logic or ratio as in modernism; but rather 'the possible' in the sense of what is merely conceivable, the idea that all things can be perceived and conceived differently."
Living Pavilion for Governor's Island
(images via: builtecology, bustler)Selected as the winning entry in a first-ever annual pavilion competition for New York's Governors Island, 'Living Pavilion' by Ann Ha and Behrang Behin bloomed in the spring of 2010. The low-tech, zero-impact structure uses reclaimed milk crates to create a modular planted 'green wall' surface. The pavilion was erected as a refuge from the heat, and included gardens planted in crates that ran along the grass beside the structure.
Multipurpose Modular Icebergs for NYC
(images via: woods bagot)Temporary 'icebergs' that can act as venues for performances as well as retail space could fill in the eyesores left behind at stalled construction sites. Woods Bagot New York imagines translucent structures made of high-tech plastic fabric stretched over modular steel frames, with inflatable faceted roofs that give them the 'iceberg' appearance.
Zocalo Nomadic Museum
(images via: ashes and snow)Used to house the Ashes and Snow photography and film exhibition by Gregory Colbert in 2005, the Zocalo Nomadic Museum by Shigeru Ban and Buro Happold traveled to Santa Monica, Tokyo and Mexico City. The design, originally made of shipping containers, evolved as it traveled; the most recent incarnation in Zocalo, Mexico City, was made mostly of bamboo.
(images via: koebberlingkaltwasser.de)Britain's first recycled theater was made entirely of donated and salvaged materials including pallets and discarded doors. Designed by German architect and conceptual artist Martin Kaltwasser, the Jellyfish Theater was a 120-seat venue for two eco-themed plays, Oikos and Protozoa, before it was ripped down and recycled.
Cloud-Like Temporary Urban Landscape
(images via: bustler)Danish design firm BIG – Bjarke Ingels Group – named this highly unusual design 'P.S.1 out of 7295′. Made for a competition to design a temporary urban landscape that incorporates elements of shade, water, seating and bar areas for the courtyard of the P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, the concept is made up of massive translucent balloons made of recycled PVC. This material not only provides the necessary shade and seating, it's also used for a 'mega air mattress' for play, and a paddling pool surrounded by bouncy seating.
Thatched Eco-Huts by MOS Architects
(images via: mos-office.net)Another design for P.S.1 is 'Afterparty', a system of thatched huts dreamed up by MOS Architects. The design is sober and simple, commenting upon the current need for architecture to scale back after years of excess, but still provides all of the elements required in a temporary event pavilion. Made of a recycled aluminum frame with natural covering and a little bit of concrete, the design provides a shady, sustainable space that calls to mind the low-tech but elegant and effective architecture of more primitive times.
All Souls Day Pillow Pavilion
(images via: architizer)
Hovering above the ground like a giant pillow, this fun pavilion roof designed by Overtreders W for an art festival on All Soul's Day is kept inflated by BBQ smoke. Smoke is routed from a wood-fired stove, which roasts chestnuts and potatoes, through a fabric duct and into the roof structure. Unlike many temporary pavilions, this design can be reused, making it even more sustainable.